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Their is also a certain amount of choice as to which toys or activities they will use. For more information look into Tina Bruce Log in. Study now See answer 1. Best Answer. Tina Bruce's theory of play includes 12 features; these include the following: using first hand experiences making up rules making props choosing play rehearsing the future pretending playing alone playing together having a personal agenda being deeply involved trying out recent learning coordinating ideas, feelings and relationships for free flow play.
Study guides. Learning Theories. The main idea of a passage is also called a. Which of the words below is the general topic that includes all of the other words from the answer choices. Which of these explains when a bias exists in a media text. Why do auditory learners benefit from reading aloud. Q: What is Tina Bruce theory on play? Write your answer Still have questions? Find more answers Ask your question.
Related questions. Are there criticisms of Tina Bruce's theory? Who is Tina Bruce? When was Tina Bruce born? What instrument does Tina Turner play? Who is Bruce? What song did Tina turner and Bruce Springsteen sing together? What has the author Bruce Tesar written? What is play flow? Did paul schaefer on letterman ever play with Bruce Springsteen?
Focus on child-centred approach : allow the child to choose toys, consider their likes and preferences. Practice equal opportunties: Ensure the surrounding and resources are rich in diversity to reflect different cultures and meets the needs of children with sensory impairments and disabilities. Practitioners can carry out observations and assessment to establish if children's play is productive or valuable.
Use the data to improve play areas, resources and use interventions to promote meaningful play, for example, support from a practitioner and use of variety of materials for creative activities. Provide ample opportunities to play indoor and outdoor. Use resources to promote holistic development: physical, language, intellectual, personal, social and emotional. Janet Moyle Janet Moyle Janet Moyles believes that play begins when a child has access to play materials first, then the support of an adult demonstrating how to use the play materials , and then finally allowing the child to play on their own with the play materials.
For example, child can explore a construction kit, then parent can show them how to use it, and then leave child to use the kit on their own. Use child-centre approach to choose an assortment of play materials that are age appropriate and considers child's, interest, likes and preferences. Provide play materials that promote learning and development.
Provide play materials that refect background of children from different cultures. Implement equal opportunity policy by providing play materials that include all children to use or engage in. Jean Piaget Find out how Piaget's theories influence play How would you apply his theory in early years setting?
Bob Hughes Find out about Bob Hughes taxonomy of play types How would you apply his theory in early years setting? Studies in neuroscience Find out how the brain influence play How would you apply his theory in early years setting? Analysing how theoretical perspectives on play inform practice 1. Traditional and current theories put emphasis on play based learning, so with this mind, early years settings today have integrated education with childcare.
Children are not just fed, cared, sleep and play meaninglessly, instead they are encouraged to engage in activities and play with objects that promote learning and development. There are an array of stimulating and colourful toys and equipment available today, however, use of manufactured toys and equipments may limit the development of creativity and imagination of children.
In some rural areas of India and Africa, children play outdoors with natural materials such as stones to represent marbles or climb trees or make swings from old car tyres. Whilst this form of play has become rare in the western countries, nurseries today have adopted Frederich Froebel idea of having an outdoor play area that give children the opportunity to experience natural materials and space to run around.
Activity Use the following theories of play, to plan a sand and water activity to support learning and development of a 4 year old child. Karl Groos believe that children learn new skills through play and this prepares them for later life. In contrast, Piaget argue that play gives children the opportunity to practise what they already know. Either way, both ideas are valid as children can use their existing knowledge to learn something new.
Through play children will also develop skills including physical, language, personal, social and emotional. Describe how you would use both Kroos's and Piaget's theories in your early years setting to plan a play activity 3. Vygotsky put importance on learning through social interaction learning from other people , but it could be argued children who engage in solitary play or parallel play are also learning and developing without the aid of an adult or other children.
Midlred Parten discovered that children play without interacting with others and came up with the 'stage theory of play'. In early years setting, children of all ages are allowed to play on their own with dolls, puppets, legos or in the home corner.
In early years setting, practitioners could apply both theories, for example, create opportunities for free play so that child has the choice to explore and play on their own. Other times, play activities can be more structured with the aim of teaching new skills. When planning, consider the age of child and their interest and preference to play.
Both Vygotsky's and Bruner's theories on the role of adults playing together with children and the concept of 'scaffolding' are not commonly practised in early years setting; because of time constraints and small staff numbers playing board games or card games on a one-to-one basis is rare. Young children also lose interest very quickly as they have a short attention span. Nevertheless, practitioners provide support, guidance and help when children are learning new skills during free play or structured play, for example showing how to thread a bead or provide support in riding and balancing a bicycle.
Describe a play activity in which you would provide scaffolding. In some countries, parents don't play with their children as they view play as something that children engage in, whilst in other cultures, playing with own children is viewed in a positive light. In the western countries, early years settings create opportunities for practitioners and children to play together and encourage parents to play with their children. Activity Using the theories below, plan an activity that promotes the development of a 4 year old child.
According to Piaget, children are active learners and explore the world through their senses, so with that in mind, early years settings should ensure that resources toys are rich, varied, stimulating and interactive. Also give children opportunities to engage in 'doing' activities that children can enjoy have fun and at the same time language, intelligence and develop fine and gross motor skills.
Activity - Using Jean Piaget's theory, plan a messy play activity or a treasure basket activity for a 6 month old baby to explore materials with their senses. Philosphical approaches which influence play provision Theorist Philosophical approaches that influence play Apply approach in early years setting Margaret McMillan - Margaret McMillan believed that a child could develop into a whole person by learning through play.
She focused on children acquiring manual dexterity through exercises and placed emphasis on the importance of social and emotional development. Emphasis was also on healthy diet to promote learning; she saw a correlation between children being deprived of healthy eating and poor learning.
She pioneered healthy school meals and medical services for children. Margaret McMillan pioneered nursery schools with outdoor playground and worked in partnership with parents, offering classes to help them develop the skills needed to learn with their children. Also placed importance of training people working with children. She pioneered healthy school meals and medical services Curriculum based on play are child-centred.
Nurseries staff work co-operatively in partnership with parents and recognise them as educators of their children. Nurseries and educational establishment regularly provide professional development training to adults working with children. He takes a holistic approach in education in that children's physical well-being and emotional well-being were equally important as healthy diet and excercise, as well as a safe environment that nurtures a bonding between child and adult. RS believed that learning should be child-centred and their personality and interest should be considered when planning activities and programmes.
Children with special needs included in the play activities and children were encouraged to show empathy to each other. Steiner provided an open space and natural materials e. There were no toy phones, plastic toys or structured play environments such as kitchen, office or launderette. Steiner believed that singing and dancing was important and through story telling children gain ideas for their play. He stressed that there should be a balance between creativity and academic activities.
Heart, soul and head - 3 parts of the children's learning involved the heart, soul and head throughout the education years. Children with special needs are integrated into mainstream schools where possible. Inclusive practice is integral to educational and childcare setting - childrens' special needs are considered when planning activities.
Circle time is widely used as a means of developing children's self-esteem and communication skills. Maria Montessori Maria Montessori Maria Montessori believed children were 'active learners' who enjoyed hands-on activities. She focused on structured play and guidance from adults to help children reach their potential.
Emphasis was on learning that gives children independence and dignity, with this in mind, she encouraged children to learn skills by doing real life activities such as sweeping and serving meals; child-size equipment was used to facilitate practical learning.
MM also believed children were receptive at particular stages of their development and hence adults guidance was important during this time. MM valued structured play rather than free play. Especially designed materials are used to promote learning - MM believed children will interact with the equipment when they are ready to learn at a correct developmental stage. Sensory learning experiences in early years is important as children have absorbent minds.
MM felt children must have opportunity to develop morally and spritually because a child's soul was like a mirror that could be affected by any influence. Montesories were emerging all over which took on a holistic approach to development. These nurseries considered child's age when planning activities, and focused on interaction of the child in their environment. Montesories encouraged children to organise their own activities and absorb information from their environment. Susan Isaac - Susan Isaac believed that a child's emotional life was revealed through the symbols and themes they explored in imaginary play.
Isaac therefore felt that play should be used to explore a child's feelings and that through play children would come to understand the world around them. She felt that children should have their space and freedom to move when playing and discouraged desk based learning. A play based education was her vision until the age of 7 years.
Her research showed that children regressed if started school at 5 years. Many prof in early years share this view and are concerned with current trend of children entering into compulsory school in the year of their 5th birthday.
Isaac has influenced current play provison today: empahsis on importance of working with both parents. The use of imaginary play as a way to explore feelings. Freedom to move around the classroom.
Professor Tina Bruce is a highly respected academic and theorist in the area of play based learning and early childhood development, education. According to Bruce, imaginative play lifts children's cognitive abilities to a higher, more abstract level of thinking, allowing them to imagine how others feel. Tina Bruce bases her theory around the importance of a holistic teaching approach centred on play, experiences and creativity (4).