Christmas Tree in the cozy room at the Wisconsin Governor's mansion. A chrismon tree St. Alban's Anglican Cathedral, Oviedo, Florida. Christmas tree in Vatican City , Christmas tree in Salerno old town, Italy, Boston's Christmas Tree.
Christmas tree in Warsaw. Christmas tree in Lugano Main article: Christmas ornament. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
December Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: Christmas tree production. See also: Christmas tree cultivation. Main article: Artificial Christmas tree. ABC News Australia. Retrieved 8 December Christmas in Germany: A Cultural History. University of North Carolina Press. ISBN A chronicle from Stasbourg, written in and widely seen as the first account of a Christmas tree in German-speaking lands, records that Protestant artisans brought fir trees into their homes in the holiday season and decorated them with "roses made of colored paper, apples, wafers, tinsel, sweetmeats, etc.
The Christmas tree spread out in German society from the top down, so to speak. It moved from elite households to broader social strata, from urban to rural areas, from the Protestant north to the Catholic south, and from Prussia to other German states. Archived from the original PDF on 18 December Arcadia Publishing Incorporated. Having a Christmas tree became so closely identified with following Luther's path that German Catholics initially wanted nothing to do with this symbol of Protestantism.
Their resistance endured until the nineteenth century, when Christmas trees finally began finding their way into Catholic homes. The Feast of Christmas. Liturgical Press. German Lutherans brought the decorated Christmas tree with them; the Moravians put lighted candles on those trees. Canadian Christmas Traditions. The eight-pointed star became a popular manufactured Christmas ornament around the s and many people place a star on the top of their Christmas tree to represent the Star of Bethlehem.
Oxford University Press. The same ambiguity is seen in that most familiar of angels, the angel on top of the Christmas tree. This decoration, popularized in the nineteenth century, recalls the place of the angels in the Christmas story Luke — The Christmas tree did not spring fully fledged into The Christmas Encyclopedia, 3d ed. Christmas trees in the countryside did not appear until World War I, although Slovenians of German ancestry were decorating trees before then.
Traditionally, the family decorates their Christmas tree on Christmas Eve with electric lights, tinsel, garlands, candy canes, other assorted ornaments, and topped with an angel figure or star. British Broadcasting Corporation.
Archived from the original on 6 January Retrieved 26 December Any Christmas decorations not taken down by Twelfth Night January 5th should be left up until Candlemas Day and then taken down. The Christmas Tree. Advent and Christmas. Next to the Nativity scene, the most popular Christmas tradition is to have a Christmas tree in the home. This custom is not the same as bringing a Yule tree or evergreens into the home, originally popular during the month of the winter solstice in Germany.
The Solstice Evergreen: history, folklore, and origins of the Christmas tree. Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 2 November Archived from the original on 7 December Retrieved 14 September Lowe His biographer, Eddius Stephanus, relates that while Boniface was serving as a missionary near Geismar, Germany, he had enough of the locals' reverence for the old gods.
Taking an axe to an oak tree dedicated to Norse god Thor, Boniface chopped the tree down and dared Thor to zap him for it. When nothing happened, Boniface pointed out a young fir tree amid the roots of the oak and explained how this tree was a more fitting object of reverence as it pointed towards the Christian heaven and its triangular shape was reminiscent of the Christian trinity.
Silver, Burdett and Co. Archived from the original on 25 December Retrieved 15 December Christmas Legends to Remember'. David C Cook. Before and After Christmas. Augsburg Fortress. Le Vieux Turckheim. Understanding Your Neighbor's Faith. Palgrave Macmillan. Catholic Traditions in Crafts. Our Sunday Visitor. The modern Christmas tree The main prop of a popular medieval play about Adam and Eve was a fir tree hung with apples paradise tree representing the Garden of Eden.
The Germans set up a paradise tree in their homes on December 24, the religious feast day of Adam and Eve. They hung wafers on it symbolizing the host, the Christian sign of redemption ; in a later tradition, the wafers were replaced by cookies of various shapes. Candles, too, were often added as the symbol of Christ.
In the same room, during the Christmas season, was the Christmas pyramid , a triangular construction of wood, with shelves to hold Christmas figurines, decorated with evergreens, candles, and a star. By the 16th century, the Christmas pyramid and paradise tree had merged, becoming the Christmas tree. E em cada hua laranja, poeras hua candea. Reval : Wassermann. Das Weihnachtsfest. English: One can assume with certainty that traditions of lighting, together with the Christmas tree, crossed from Germany to Sweden in the 19th century via the princely upper classes.
Lud i jego zwyczaje. Retrieved 25 December Retrieved 20 September Kristelig Dagblad. Archived from the original on 13 December Die heilige Weihnachtszeit nach Bedeutung, Geschichte, Sitten und Symbolen [ The holy Christmas season for meaning, history, customs and symbols ] in German. Especially in foreign lands, among cold-hearted Englishmen and frivolous Frenchmen, among the American Indians and the Papua of Australia. Liturgisches Kompendium in German. Archived from the original on 27 December Survey of London.
London: John Windet. Archived from the original on 16 August Retrieved 3 January Against the feast of Christmas every man's house, as also the parish churches, were decked with holm, ivy, bays, and whatsoever the season of the year afforded to be green. Archived from the original on 24 December Hole, Christine English Custom and Usage.
London: B. Batsford Ltd. Reginald Brett, 2nd Viscount Esher ed. The girlhood of Queen Victoria: a selection from Her Majesty's diaries. Compendium of symbolic and ritual plants in Europe. Oresko Books. The Times London, England , 20 December , p. Large stocks of young firs were to be seen at Covent Garden on Christmas Eve, but found few buyers. It was remembered that the 'Christmas tree' has enemy associations. Dunstan's Christmas Fair'. The Times London, England , 11 December , p.
BBC News. Archived from the original on 31 July Retrieved 21 June Georgian Journal. Retrieved 31 December Retrieved 3 March Greenwood Publishing Group. Christmas in Pennsylvania: a folk-cultural study. Stackpole Books. Merry Christmas! Celebrating America's greatest holiday. Harvard University Press. Archived from the original on 10 December Retrieved 2 December Gareth Marples. Archived from the original on 28 June Harvard University Gazette.
Archived from the original on 23 August Wisconsin Rapids Daily Tribune. Archived from the original on 19 December Retrieved 16 May Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. Archived from the original on 1 August Retrieved 11 December Retrieved 19 December In the former Soviet Union, fir trees were usually put up to mark New Year's day, following a tradition established by the officially atheist state.
During the decades of official state atheism in the Soviet era, Christmas had been a nonholiday. Santa Claus. Archived from the original on 22 December Retrieved 14 December Archived from the original on 1 November S2CID Archived from the original on 6 May Retrieved 5 October National Park Service. Archived from the original on 15 January Retrieved 5 April The Palm Beach Post.
Archived from the original on 5 December Retrieved 4 March FROM G. Newcastle City Council. Archived from the original on 25 April Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 9 December Chalice Press. Many congregations decorate the sanctuary for the Advent season in a service called Hanging of the Greens.
Germany Green Guide Michelin — Advent — The four weeks before Christmas are celebrated by counting down the days with an advent calendar, hanging up Christmas decorations and lightning an additional candle every Sunday on the four-candle advent wreath.
Liturgy Training Publications. Black Kettle and Full Moon. Penguin Group Australia. But towards the end of the nineteenth century, in the weatherboard halls of a few townships, a tree would annually be set up, usually on Christmas Eve. Cengage Learning. Twelfth Night saw people feasting and taking down Christmas decorations. The king cake is traditionally served in France and England on the Twelfth Night to commemorate the journey of the Magi to visit the Christ child.
The Curious World of Christmas. Penguin Group. The time-honoured epoch for taking down Christmas decorations from Church and house in Candlemas Day, February 2nd. Terribly withered they are by that time. Candlemas in old times represented the end of the Christmas holidays, which, when "fine old leisure" reigned, were far longer than they are now. The English Year. Penguin Books Limited. As indicated in Herrick's poem, quoted above, in the mid seventeenth century Christmas decorations were expected to stay in place until Candlemas 2 February , and this remained the norm until the nineteenth century.
Retrieved 7 January Retrieved 9 April Chastagner and D. Michael Benson Archived from the original on 6 December Retrieved 24 December Clemson University. Archived from the original on 6 June Retrieved 12 July Department of Forestry, Michigan State University. Archived from the original on 15 March Bureau of Land Management. Archived from the original on 14 January Retrieved 18 December United States Department of Agriculture.
November Table 1, page 1. Archived PDF from the original on 16 February Archived from the original on 25 November Christmas: A Candid History. University of California Press. Realty Times. Archived from the original on 8 September Retrieved 21 December Christmas in Texas. Christmas Trees: Fun and Festive Ideas. Chronicle Books. The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on 11 December Great Wisconsin Winter Weekends.
Big Earth Publishing. Archived from the original on 4 January Popular Mechanics : January Diablo Glass School. Archived from the original on 20 November All Things Considered. Archived from the original on 18 December Archived from the original on 7 January Retrieved 20 December Kingsport Times-News.
Kingsport, Tennessee. Archived from the original on 27 June Christmas Tree Source. Archived from the original on 8 August Retrieved 8 August American Christmas Tree Association. Archived from the original on 29 December Retrieved 1 October CBC News.
Archived from the original on 31 December Retrieved 1 January Archived from the original on 10 January United States Army Corps of Engineers. March Archived from the original on 24 August The Augusta Chronicle. Archived from the original on 26 December Star Tribune. Scientific American. Retrieved 22 December Ellipsos Inc.
Archived from the original on 1 December National Christmas Tree Association. Archived from the original on 6 April Journal of Environmental Health. PMID Children, Implications for Prevention". Environmental Health Perspectives. PMC In anger, Boniface seized an axe and felled Thor's oak in one mighty blow.
The gathering of local citizens expected Thor to strike Boniface with a bolt of lightning, and when lightning failed to appear, Boniface proclaimed it a sign of superiority of the Christian God. He pointed to a young fir tree growing at the roots of the fallen oak, with its branches pointing to heaven, and said that it was a holy tree, the tree of the Christ child who brought eternal life.
Also, it is said that Boniface explained the triangular shape of the fir tree as an illustration of the Trinity. Introduction to Christian Liturgy. Fortress Press. The Christmas tree as we know it seemed to emerge in Lutheran lands in Germany in the sixteenth century. Although no specific city or town has been identified as the first to have a Christmas tree, records for the Cathedral of Strassburg indicate that a Christmas tree was set up in that church in during Martin Bucer's superintendency.
Lutheran Spokesman. The Christmas tree became a widespread custom among German Lutherans by the eighteenth century. A Short History of Christianity. Many Lutherans continued to set up a small fir tree as their Christmas tree, and it must have been a seasonal sight in Bach's Leipzig at a time when it was virtually unknown in England, and little known in those farmlands of North America where Lutheran immigrants congregated.
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