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LinuxMCE is one example, which allows other devices to boot off a hard drive image on the server, allowing them to become appliances such as set-top boxes. Additionally, for Macs directly connected to TVs, Boxee can act as a full-featured media center interface. Servers are typically always on so the addition of a TV or radio tuner allows recording to be scheduled at any time. A home server can be used to provide remote access into the home from devices on the Internet, using remote desktop software and other remote administration software.
For example, Windows Home Server provides remote access to files stored on the home server via a web interface as well as remote access to Remote Desktop sessions on PCs in the house. Similarly, Tonido provides direct access via a web browser from the Internet without requiring any port forwarding or other setup.
Some enthusiasts often use VPN technologies as well. VNC allows clients to remotely view a server GUI desktop as if the user was physically sitting in front of the server. A GUI need not be running on the server console for this to occur; there can be multiple 'virtual' desktop environments open at the same time. Webmin allows users to control many aspects of server configuration and maintenance all from a simple web interface.
Both can be configured to be accessed from anywhere on the Internet. Servers can also be accessed remotely using the command line-based Telnet and SSH protocols. Some users choose to run a web server in order to share files easily and publicly or privately, on the home network. Others set up web pages and serve them straight from their home, although this may be in violation of some ISPs terms of service.
Sometimes these web servers are run on a nonstandard port in order to avoid the ISP's port blocking. Example web servers used on home servers include Apache and IIS. Many other web servers are available; see Comparison of lightweight web servers , Comparison of web servers. Some networks have an HTTP proxy which can be used to speed up web access when multiple users visit the same websites, and to get past blocking software while the owner is using the network of some institution that might block certain sites.
Public proxies are often slow and unreliable and so it is worth the trouble of setting up one's own private proxy. Some proxies can be configured to block websites on the local network if it is set up as a transparent proxy. Many home servers also run e-mail servers that handle e-mail for the owner's domain name. The advantages are having much bigger mailboxes and maximum message size than most commercial e-mail services.
Access to the server, since it is on the local network is much faster than using an external service. This also increases security as e-mails do not reside on an off-site server. Home servers are ideal for utilizing the BitTorrent protocol for downloading and seeding files as some torrents can take days, or even weeks to complete and perform better on an uninterrupted connection.
There are many text based clients such as rTorrent and web-based ones such as TorrentFlux and Tonido available for this purpose. BitTorrent also makes it easier for those with limited bandwidth to distribute large files over the Internet. An unusual service is the Gopher protocol , a hypertext document retrieval protocol which pre-dated the World Wide Web and was popular in the early s. Many of the remaining gopher servers are run off home servers utilizing PyGopherd and the Bucktooth gopher server.
Often such home automation controllers are run on a home server. The video can then be viewed on PCs or other devices in the house. Optionally these images and video streams can be made available over the Internet using standard protocols. Home servers can act as a host to family-oriented applications such as a family calendar, to-do lists, and message boards.
This way, the chat client will be able to record activity that occurs even while the user is not at the computer, e. Textual clients such as Irssi and tmsnc can be detached using GNU Screen for example, and graphical clients such as Pidgin can be detached using xmove. Quassel provides a specific version for this kind of use.
Home servers can also be used to run personal XMPP servers and IRC servers as these protocols can support a large number of users on very little bandwidth. Some multiplayer games such as Continuum , Tremulous , Minecraft , and Doom have server software available which users may download and use to run their own private game server. Some of these servers are password protected, so only a selected group of people such as clan members or whitelisted players can gain access to the server.
This was in contrast with Windows' Logical Disk Manager which requires a greater degree of technical understanding in order to correctly configure a RAID array. Shared Folders had a name, a description, permissions, and a flag indicating whether duplication redundancy was on or off for that folder. If duplication was on for a Shared Folder which was the default on multi-disk Home Server systems and not applicable to single disk systems then the files in that Shared Folder were duplicated and the effective storage capacity was halved.
However, in situations where a user may not have wanted data duplicated e. TV shows that had been archived to a Windows Home Server from a system running Windows Media Center , Drive Extender provided the capability to not duplicate such files if the server was short on capacity or manually mark a complete content store as not for duplication.
According to Microsoft this was expected behaviour. This caused unexpected behaviour when using clients that sort media based on date. The aforementioned programs worked fine with WHS; however, files may have appeared out of order due to this caveat. Criticism of Drive Extender's removal is mainly related to it being seen as a core feature of Windows Home Server and a key reason for adoption. Windows Home Server Computer Backup automatically backs up all of the computers in a home to the server using an image-based system that ensures point-in-time-based restoration of either entire PCs or specific files and folders.
This technology uses Volume Shadow Services VSS technology on the client computer to take an image based backup of a running computer. Because the backup operates on data at the cluster level, single instancing can be performed to minimize the amount of data that travels over the network and that will ultimately be stored on the home server. This single instancing gives the server the ability to store only one instance of data, no matter if the data originated from another computer, another file, or even data within the same file.
Computer backup images are not duplicated on the server, so if a server hard drive fails, backups could be lost. The "Server Backup" feature added in Power Pack 1 does not include duplication of backup images. The system also offers an SSL secured web browser based interface over the Internet to the shared file stores. The web interface also allows the uploading to and downloading of files from the content stores.
The system also supports Terminal Services Gateway, allowing remote control of the desktop of any Windows computer on the home network. The web interface also supports embedding the Remote Desktop ActiveX control, to provide remote access to home computers from within the web interface directly. Remote sessions can also connect to the Home Server console to configure the server over the internet. Windows Home Server allows for developers to publish community and commercial add-ins designed to enhance the Windows Home Server with added functionality.
Files stored on Windows Home Server are also available through a Windows share , opening compatibility to a wide variety of operating systems. Also, the Administration console is available via Remote Desktop, allowing administration from unsupported platforms. However, unofficial workarounds allow Connector software to work on XP x Windows Home Server has not officially supported Domain Controller capability and cannot readily join a Windows Server domain.
Wireless networking is not currently supported. The following minimum specs are needed: [ 26 ]. Dedicated devices will have the operating system pre-installed and may be supplied with a server recovery disk which reloads the OS over a network connection. The first release of Windows Home Server, RTM Release to manufacturing , suffered from a file corruption flaw whereby files saved directly to or edited on shares on a WHS device could become corrupted.
Even though the issue was first acknowledged in October , [ 31 ] Microsoft formally warned users of the seriousness of the flaw on 20 December This issue was fixed by Power Pack 1, released on July 21, Power Pack 1 added the ability to back up files stored on the Shared Folders, to an external drive.
However, there remains no way to back up the installed server operating system. Backing-up of the client backup database is available either manually using the instructions provided by Microsoft on page 24 of this document or can be done using the WHS BDBB add-in written by Alex Kuretz and available from this website. Some computer systems are available only with a bundled Windows Home Server license.
As is the case with other versions of Windows it is possible to request a refund of the license fees paid for Windows Home Server. Wikimedia Foundation. Windows Home Server. The Windows Blog. Retrieved 24 November
r/HomeServer: A community based around the building, set up, and use of home servers for a variety of purposes. All discussion is welcome! A home server is a computing server located in a private computing residence providing services to other devices inside or outside the household through a home network or the Internet. A home server is a computing server located in a private computing residence providing services to other devices inside or outside the household through a.